Which toilet solution?

There is much to consider when choosing a toilet solution.

The local council’s  regulations

The local council has regulations relating to the treatment of latrines, urine and urine-mixed wastewater from toilets. The regulations can vary between councils, depending on local environmental conditions. Regulations concerning latrines are aimed at possible disease-spreading bacteria not being spread outside the toilet or latrine compost.

The regulations therefore contain requirements for the bottom to be sealed and for material not to be spread out until a year after the last filling has taken place. Urine may, as a rule, be spread over growing vegetation on one’s own site, but there are councils that do not allow urine to be spread. Certain councils require the site to be of a certain size for urine to be able to be spread. Contact the environmental and health protection administration, or its equivalent, at the council where the toilet solution is to be used, so that you choose an alternative that the council can accept.

Many councils post their regulations on their homepages. It is the council’s environmental board which determines what you can and cannot do. When the council adopts a position regarding your application to install a new toilet solution, their points of departure are that the solution:

  • Shall manage to achieve the protection level applying to the location.
  • Shall be dimensioned for five allyear residents, even if it relates to a second home.
  • Shall be supplemented by some form of treatment for your bath, dishes and laundry water (BDL water).

Remember that many councils have already withdrawn septic tank emptying and that several councils will soon be doing the same. Check to see how things are in the council area where you want to install the toilet solution.

Accessible space/ the site’s suitability for filtration

If there is a space beneath, or a few metres away, from the toilet room, the number of possible solutions increases. When a property is to be built or reconstructed it is therefore important to adopt a position regarding which solution is to be used, at the earliest possible stage. The space beneath the floor can be used as a mouldering room or for collecting the waste in a latrine barrel for a composting system outdoors.

Check that the space is adequate for the solution you choose. Where urine filtration is permitted there are factors such as the ground’s suitability for filtration, distance to surface water, drinking water supplies and site limits are crucial. In order to be able to ascertain the ground’s suitability and distance to groundwater, it is often necessary for test pits to be dug.

Comfort, care  and cost

Work out how much comfort you want. Perhaps you want it just like at home or maybe you’ll be satisfied with a simpler alternative?  And how much work are you prepared to invest in care? Can you imagine taking things on yourself and composting the latrine and spreading urine from a dry toilet solution or emptying the ash box from an incineration toilet? Last, but by no means least: How much may the toilet solution cost? There is everything from solutions that cost little more than a few hundred to much more expensive types. The higher your comfort standards and less time for care, the more it will cost, both in terms of investment and running.

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